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Temperate Grassland C

Our Biome

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Our Biome: Temperate Grassland (Nebraska)

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Temperate Grassland Locations on Earth

Background: The temperate grassland biome pretty much describes itself in its title. Temperate Grassland is dominated by grass. It also has some of the richest soil on Earth. This biome is found in many parts of the world. Temperate grasslands are located in North America (Midwest, Washington, and Southwest) and are called prairies, in Europe and Asia (Ukraine, Russia) and are called steppes, in South America (Argentina, Uruguay) and are known as pampas, and last but not least they are found in South Africa and are known as veldts.   

Profile/Climate (Abiotic Factors): In temperate grasslands the temperatures vary greatly between seasons. In winter it is very cold. In the summer the temperatures can reach up to and over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. This large range is caused mostly by the latitude of Temperate Grasslands which is about 30 degrees north or south of the equator. The yearly range of precipitation is 15-25 inches, much of which comes from snow in the winter but also comes as rain in late spring and early summer and is used as water to help start the growing season. Temperate grasslands are home to some of the richest and the darkest soil in the world. This precipitation, temperature, and soil make Temperate Grasslands one of the best biomes for farming. There are frequent fires in temperate grasslands that are started often by lightning and sometimes by human activity.   

Living Components (Biotic Factors):
Plants: As you know from the title temperate grasselands are dominated by several types of grasses. These grasses are known as perrenial grasses because with underground stems and buds these grasses are not easily destroyed by wild fires. When these grasses are eaten they are healthy because they grow so low to the ground. Also in temperate grasslands there are many wildflowers and very very little amount of trees and shrubs. There are not many trees and shrubs that are in temperate grasslands but the few there are, are destroyed easliy by fires, unlike the grasses. Some wildflowers you might see in temperate grasslands are goldenrods, sunflowers, and wild indigos.
Animals: Temperate Grasslands lack diversity in animal life especially compared to savannahs because they are so alike. Temperate grassland's animal life is mostly herbivorous vertabraes, known as ungulates (ex. antlope). Ungulates are mammals with hoofs and long legs for escaping predators. Some animals located in the North American temperate grasslands are bison, antelpope, birds, gophers, prarie dogs, coyotes, and insects. Also in the Steppes of Eurasia you could find some lynx, antelopes falcons, and foxes.

Human Distruption: Humans are taking use of the rich soil in temperate grasslands to their advantage and making it farmland. Using this biome as farmland is producing a lot of food such as wheat. Also temperate grasslands are becoming feeding grounds for cattle which can be then turned into food. This food is important to America but this destruption may cause the plants and animals that live in this biome to loose their homes and maybe loose their lifes.  

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An example of Temperate Grassland

Temperate Grasslands Summary
 
Background
  • Temperate grasslands are filled with grasses.
  • Temperate grasslands are located all over the world. They are found in Mid and Western North America, Southern America, Euasia, and South Africa. They have different names in all different continents.
Profile/Climate(Abiotic Factors)
  • Temperatures vary greatly between summer and winter.
  • Receive an average range of 15-25 inches of precipitation.
  • Very rich and dark soils that are good for farming.
  • Frequent fires.
Living Components (Biotic Factors)
  • Temperate grasslands are mostly inhabited by perrenial grasses that are adapted to droughts and fires.
  • Temperate grasslands are also home to some wild flowers.
  • Most animals in temperate grasslands are herbivorous vertabraes known as ungulates.

Life and Residents

  • Humans are using Temperate Grasslands for farming.
  • This leads to important crops but also distruption of animal habitats.

That is all the information you should need to know about Temperate Grasslands but if you need more information you can visit our links page and visit some other websites.

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